California’s a state with a wide variety of nature where there’s lots to see and experience, from deserts and beaches to forests and mountains! But today we’re going to list a few of the different types of trees that are native to California.
First off, we’re going to take a closer look at the giant redwoods and sequoias. You may have thought that these were the same type of tree and they just went by different names, but there are actually a few differences. What they both have in common is that they’re huge and bring lots of visitors from all over the world who want to experience looking at these enormous trees up close.
Giant redwoods grow mostly on the Northern Californian coast where the climate is moist and humid due to the marine fog coming from the ocean. The soil gleans moisture from the fog which lowers the rate of evaporation, helping to keep the soil moist and contribute to the thick bark which can be up to 12 inches thick. They’ve got an incredible lifespan of up to 2,000 years!
Giant sequoias, on the other hand, are a more mountainous breed of tree which you can find mostly high up along the western slope of the Sierra Nevada Mountains as this the only place on Earth where they grow naturally. They thrive off the mountains’ periodical dry heat which allows their cones to release seeds. Giant sequoias can grow to be as tall as 311 feet, which is still more than 50 feet short of the giant redwoods which can grow to be as tall as 378 feet! Sequoias, however, can grow to be older than redwoods, with the oldest recorded one living up to 3,000 years!
Other native trees include:
· Oregon ash
· California buckeye
· California black walnut
· Gray pine
· Fremont cottonwood
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